Specific Reliefs Act ,1963
Posted on 22-03-2016
Specific Reliefs Act is complimentary to provisions of Contract Act and Transfer of Property Act, as the Act applies both to movable property and immovable property. The Act applies in cases where Court can order specific performance of a contract or act. As per section 4, specific relief can be granted only for purpose of enforcing individual civil rights and not for the mere purpose of enforcing a civil law.
‘Specific performance’ means Court will ask the party to perform his part of agreement, instead of asking him to pay damages to other party.
Recovering possession of immovable property – * A person who is entitled to possession of a specific immovable property may recover it in the manner provided in Code of Civil Procedure. (section 5) * If any person is disposed without his consent, of immovable property otherwise than by course of law, he can recover possession, even if any other title is set up in such suit. Such suit shall be brought within 6 months. No suit can be filed against Government for recovery of possession. [section 6]. - - That is why it is termed as ‘possession is 9 points in law’. Even an unlawful possession of immovable property can be taken away only by lawful means and not forcefully.
Recovering possession of specific movable property – * A person who is entitled to possession of a specific movable property may recover it in the manner provided in Code of Civil Procedure. (section 7) * If any person is in possession or control of a specific movable property of which he is not owner, he can be compelled to specifically deliver it to the person entitled to immediate possession, in cases specified in section 6. - - Thus, if a person holding the movable property is owner of goods, he cannot be compelled to deliver it to other. However, in other cases, he can be compelled to deliver it, even if other person is not owner, as long as he is entitled to its immediate possession.